Applied BESO

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The BESO research project aims to develop production processes for the manufacture of large scale, highly material efficient structures for the infrastructure sector that have been designed using the BESO algorithm. BESO (Bi-Directional Evolutionary Structural Optimisation) has been pioneered by RMIT University’s Innovative Structures Group (ISG) since their inception in the 1990’s. Moving into a resource constrained future, material efficient structures designed using the BESO method will become ever more attractive.

To date the collaboration with RMIT ISG and Felicetti engineers has designed and manufactured a ¼ scale prototype of a perforated precast concrete structure, intended for long-span footbridge applications.

ABF Cities Research

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In 2010 The Australian Business Foundation commissioned BKK Architects, in collaboration with Dr Anand Kulkarni and George Bougias, to undertake research into the competitiveness of cities. With a particular focus on how knowledge is, and should, drive a city policy agenda for the future, the resulting discussion paper argues for a new and comprehensive approach to city development based on knowledge creation, application, and development comprising three core elements: anchors, receptors, and connectors.


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Working with local acoustic engineering firms and plastic manufacturers, BKK Architects has spearheaded the development of a fully recyclable absorptive soundwall panel for application along freeway corridors. The product, currently in proof-of-concept phase, will provide a technically superior and sustainable alternative to the low performance reflective panels typically ending in landfill after only 20 years of use.